Hydroxycitric acid

September 5, 2018

Cover image(−)-Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is a concept constituent (10–30per cent) regarding the dried fruit rind of Garcinia cambogia, a plant native to Southeastern Asia. The dried rind has been used for years and years throughout Southeast Asia as a food preservative, flavoring agent and carminative. Substantial experimental tests also show that HCA inhibits fat synthesis and lowers diet. The goal of this review should methodically review the readily available safety/toxicity literature on HCA to find out its security in-use. The main mechanism of action of HCA is apparently about its ability to work as a competitive inhibitor of enzyme ATP-citrate lyase, which catalyzes the conversion of citrate and coenzyme A to oxaloacetate and acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), primary foundations of fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis. Super CitriMax®, a novel calcium/potassium–HCA plant (HCA-SX), is considerably more dissolvable and bioavailable than calcium-based HCA ingredients. Intense oral toxicity researches in pets demonstrate that CitriMax (50% HCA as calcium sodium) has a low severe dental poisoning. In a subchronic research in rats, the gavage administration of HCA-SX at amounts as much as 2500 mg/kg/day for a period of 90 days caused a substantial decrease in bodyweight and reduction in feed usage without having any negative effects. The dwelling, system of action, long reputation for usage of HCA alongside poisoning scientific studies indicate that HCA-SX is unlikely resulting in reproductive or developmental effects. HCA-SX was not mutagenic in existence or absence of metabolic activation in Ames genotoxicity assays in strains TA98 and TA102. HCA-SX-induced increases in range revertants various other strains (TA100 and TA1535 into the lack of metabolic activation plus stress TA1537 when you look at the existence of metabolic activation) but these are not considered as biologically indicative of a mutagenic effect. In lot of, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials employing up to 2800 mg/day HCA, no treatment-related negative effects were reported. There was adequate qualitative and quantitative clinical evidence, including animal and human information suggesting that intake of HCA at levels around 2800 mg/day is safe for human being consumption.


  • HCA, (−)-Hydroxycitric acid;
  • HCA-SX, Super CitriMax®, a novel calcium/potassium–HCA extract;
  • NOAEL, No noticed negative effect level;
  • NOEL, No noticed impact degree;
  • ADI, Acceptable day-to-day consumption;
  • GC, petrol chromatography;
  • DSHEA, Supplement Health Insurance And Knowledge Act;
  • ATP, Adenosine triphosphate;
  • GCE, Garcinia cambogia extract


  • Hydroxycitric acid;
  • Food ingredient;
  • Super CitriMax;
  • Poisoning;
  • Security
Source: www.sciencedirect.com
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